2015 Toyota Hilux Compact Pickup


2015 Toyota Hilux Compact Pickup Toyota’s first foray into the pickup truck market was the Stout, introduced to America in 1964. For 1969, Toyota was determined to develop and sell an all-new light truck worthy of the company that produced the Corolla. Powered by a newly developed four-cylinder engine designated 3R, the Hi-Lux was the vehicle Toyota had been looking for. It was somewhat Spartan inside (as trucks were utility vehicles first and foremost at that time), with a metal dashboard, a bench seat and a sturdy cargo area. Changes were few in the early days of truck production, with a new engine, the 8R-C, making its debut in 1970, and subsequently being replaced by the 18R-C in 1972. Designated a 1973 (but released in Spring 1972 – a 1972 1/2), the next generation Hi-Lux looked less utilitarian and began to take on a car-like quality, all the while retaining its Toyota-like tendencies to be strong, reliable and inexpensive to operate. Styling was updated and turn signals originally installed on top of the fenders were now built into the body. For the official 1973 model year, the Hi-Lux took a large step forward in utility. Now available as an option was a 7 1/2-foot Long Bed model providing Americans with the type of hauling ability that had long been possible with full-size domestic vehicles. The combination of Long Bed models and car-like ride and handling made Toyota’s Hi-Lux an immediate strong seller. In 1974, the Hi-Lux was awarded the honor of “Pickup Truck of the Year” from Pickup, Van & 4WD. The year 1975 saw the introduction of the third-generation Hi-Lux. It was now powered by a version of the 18R-C, called the 20R, and was also available (for the first time on a Toyota utility vehicle) with a 5-speed manual transmission. In 1976, the of the Hi-Lux lost its name, and was to be called “compact truck” from that point forward. Truck sales were booming world wide, and in September 1977, the one-millionth pickup truck rolled out the factory in Japan. The SR5 model was introduced in 1979. With its five-speed manual transmission paired with its powerful gasoline engine, the SR5 was intended to appeal to a new type of customer – the sport-truck buyer. The 1979 model change (the fourth generation) was the most sweeping yet. It resulted in a well-appointed vehicle, with the emphasis toward passenger comfort while retaining its reputation as a true workhorse. Power remained the same with the continuation of the use of the 20R engine for two more years, but in 1981 a legendary engine took its place under the hood of the truck. That was the 22R engine. The gasoline 22R was joined by a diesel engine in the same year. The 1984 truck represented the fifth generation, and saw changes that continued to make it more car-like. An Xtracab model provided additional storage space behind the seats, and engines now included turbocharged versions of the diesel and the 22R. With gasoline becoming more affordable, diesel models of the truck were discontinued in 1986, with the turbocharged gasoline model being discontinued in 1988. A sixth generation of the truck was introduced in 1988, optionally available with a new V6 engine. Equipped with the V6, the truck was capable of towing 3500 pounds, and was still able to return excellent gas mileage. From 1988 until 1994, there were very few changes to the truck. Styling was updated regularly and luxury soon became part of the truck equation. Trucks could now be equipped with an Xtracab, sport seats, air-conditioning – even a CD player. The pickup truck was as strong, rugged and versatile as ever, but provided the owner with everything that a luxury car could. In 1995, Toyota introduced an all-new pickup truck that was designed and built in America – the Tacoma. Tacoma featured an all-new line-up of high-performance engines. A 142-horsepower four-cylinder with 160 lb-ft of torque was standard on 2WD models, while 4WD models offered a 150 horsepower four-cylinder producing 177 lb-ft of torque. Available on both configurations was a newly developed 190 horsepower V6 producing 220 of torque, which the Tacoma shared with the T100.